Pre-Reading:

Objectives:
Participants will be able to:
  • Identify science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and disciplinary core ideas in the standards while participating in physical science investigation.
  • Recognize each of the science and engineering practices and discuss how to implement them in science instruction.
  • Explain how to support scientific explanation using the framework of claims, evidence, and reasoning.
  • Create entries in an interactive science notebook to document scientific thinking and explanations.
  • Use the format of the claims, evidence and reasoning to explain scientific thinking.

The Inquiry Learning Cycle.JPG

Earth Science
Investigation #3

Engage:
Pictures of the Pacific Ocean Temperature

Affect of "El Nino" on Weather


Which model for El Nino?
1.

2. Creating a Model of "El Nino"



Using Data to Understand "El Nino"
GO TO: Data in the Classroom








Investigation of the Day:

Professional engineers use a variety of processes to solve problems. In the context of teaching and learning science we can simplify these processes into a step-by-step problem solving template. The Engineering Design process involves articulating a problem and investigating possible
solutions to the problem (leading to a better solution to the problem). In other words, engineering design is a way to put science to work to solve problems.

The Engineering Design process is not a rigid set of rules for solving every problem but more of a tool to focus and direct the process of problem solving and ways of thinking. Each problem is different and the solution may or may not go through each step in the process. For example, a student may discover in the process of researching a problem that there is already a solution available. The solution to the problem may involve using or
adapting an existing solution.

To Read:


Engineering Design Process Grades K-3


Engineering Design Process Grades K-3.jpg


Engineering Design Process Grades 4-5
Engineering Design Process Grades 4-5.png

Engineering Challenge #1:

Construct the tallest free-standing tower possible from one piece of construction paper.


Discussion:
What science and engineering practices did you use in this challenge?

Engineering Challenge #2:

Football Helmet Challenge

ABC US News | ABC Sports News
Problem
You are a sports equipment designer for the Boogie Down Sporting Goods Company. You have been hired to design a football helmet that can protect players and withstand a maximum impact speed. The team in the firm that comes up with the most effective design will get the contract for the account.
Criteria
Your design must:
a) Stay on the brain.
b) Keep the brain from cracking.

Read the following excerpts. Identify claims, evidence, and reasoning in the articles.



Football Helmet Design Challenge Lesson


Name That Engineering Practice:



Engineering Challenge #3:

Engineering Design Core and Content Standards
Grade
Core Standard
Engineering Design Content Standards for Grades K-5
Grade K
Engineering design is used to design and build things.
  • Create structures using natural or designed materials and simple tools.
  • Show how components of designed structures can be disassembled and reassembled.
Grade 1
Engineering design is used to design and build things to meet a need.
  • Identify basic tools used in engineering design.
  • Demonstrate that designed structures have parts that work together to perform a function.
  • Show how tools are used to complete tasks every day.
Grade 2
Engineering design is a process used to design and build things to solve problems or address needs.
  • Use tools to construct a simple designed structure out of common objects and materials.
  • Work with a team to complete a designed structure that can be shared with others.
  • Describe an engineering design that is used to solve a problem or address a need.
Grade 3
Engineering design is a process that uses science to solve problems or address needs or aspirations.
  • Identify a problem that can be addressed through engineering design, propose a potential solution, and design a prototype.
  • Describe how recent inventions have significantly changed the way people live.
  • Give examples of inventions that enable scientists to observe things that are too small or too far away.
Grade 4
Engineering design is a process of using science principles to solve problems generated by needs and aspirations.
  • Identify a problem that can be addressed through engineering design using science principles.
  • Design, construct, and test a prototype of a possible solution to a problem using appropriate tools, materials, and resources.
  • Explain how the solution to one problem may create other problems.
Grade 5
Engineering design is a process of using science principles to make modifications in the world to meet human needs and aspirations.
  • Using science principles, describe a solution to a need or problem given criteria and constraints.
  • Design and build a prototype of a proposed engineering solution and identify factors such as cost, safety, appearance, environmental impact, and what will happen if the solution fails.
  • Explain that inventions may lead to other inventions and once an invention exists, people may think of novel ways of using it.

Core Instructional Practice

Writing Scientific Explanations: Claims, Evidence and Reasoning

Looking at Student Work

Name that Science and Engineering Practice


Using the following organizer, name the science practices you see in the following science lesson.