Activity #1:
Review the student examples. Identify the claim, evidence, and reasoning. What are the student strengths in the work? What are the areas of need?


Activity #2:
Using the rubric, assess the student examples.


Resources:


Articles:


Grade Span
Argumentation Focus
K-2
Claim + Evidence*
  • Claim-Make conclusions from investigations.
  • Evidence-Use observations from investigations.
3-5
Claim + Evidence + Reasoning*
  • Claim-Make conclusions.
  • Evidence-Use observations and measurements.
  • Reasoning-Provide a simple connection between claim and evidence using the big ideas they have learned in science.
6-8
Claim + Evidence + Reasoning (greater complexity)*
  • Claim-Make conclusions
  • Evidence-Use observations and measurements. Distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate data. Consider sufficiency of evidence.
  • Reasoning-Provide a justification for why the evidence supports the claim using scientific principles.
9-12
Claim + Evidence+ Reasoning + Rebuttal*
  • Claim-Make conclusions
  • Evidence-Use observations and measurements. Distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate data. Consider sufficiency of evidence.
  • Reasoning-Provide justification for why the evidence supports the claim using scientific principles. Each piece of evidence many have a different justification.
  • Rebuttal-Describe what a counter claim is not appropriate by critiquing the alternative evidence and reasoning.

Based on work from Boston Public Schools